Claire Richardson

Position title: Assistant Professor

Email: claire.richardson@wisc.edu

Address:
Genetics
Neurobiology, cell biology, aging and stress, genetics, C. elegans

Address
425 Henry Mall, room 4106
Education
Ph.D., MIT (2012), Postdoctoral Research: Stanford University.
Research Interests
Molecular and cellular neurobiology in health and in aging.

Lab Website:
https://therichardsonlab.org/

Research Description:

Humans are born with the about same number of neurons that we die with, meaning that a neuron can live for 100 years or more. Over the decades of our lives, we show signs of aging – our skin becomes wrinkled, our hair turns gray. Our neurons likewise show signs of aging, including morphological abnormalities, synapse loss, glucose hypometabolism, and mitochondrial dysfunction. This is problematic because aging is by far the primary risk factor for dementia and neurodegenerative disease. The Richardson Lab use the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans to investigate and disrupt the cellular and molecular mechanisms of neuron aging.

We are particularly interested in the homeostatic regulation of the endomembrane system of neurons. Aberrant endosome morphology and function is associated with neurodegenerative diseases. We hypothesize that there is a conserved role for the endocytic pathway in promoting the pathologies associated with neuronal aging.

Synaptic vesicles are a highly specialized type of endosome used for the rapid communication of firing activity between connected neurons in a circuit. We are interested in the regulation of synaptic vesicle homeostasis in development versus adulthood, and what causes synaptic vesicle homeostasis to decline in aging.

Representative Publications:

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/myncbi/claire.richardson.2/bibliography/public/

Liu J, Kim YS, Richardson CE, Tom A, Ramakrishnan C, Birey F, Katsumata T, Chen S, Wang C, Wang X, Joubert LM, Jiang Y, Wang H, Fenno LE, Tok JB, Pașca SP, Shen K, Bao Z, Deisseroth K. Genetically targeted chemical assembly of functional materials in living cells, tissues, and animals. Science. 2020 Mar 20;367(6484):1372-1376. doi: 10.1126/science.aay4866. PubMed PMID: 32193327; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC7527276.

Richardson CE, Yee C, Shen K. A hormone receptor pathway cell-autonomously delays neuron morphological aging by suppressing endocytosis. PLoS Biol. 2019 Oct;17(10):e3000452. doi: 10.1371/journal.pbio.3000452. eCollection 2019 Oct. PubMed PMID: 31589601; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC6797217.

Richardson CE, Shen K. Neurite Development and Repair in Worms and Flies. Annu Rev Neurosci. 2019 Jul 8;42:209-226. doi: 10.1146/annurev-neuro-070918-050208. Epub 2019 Mar 18. Review. PubMed PMID: 30883262.

Richardson CE, Spilker KA, Cueva JG, Perrino J, Goodman MB, Shen K. PTRN-1, a microtubule minus end-binding CAMSAP homolog, promotes microtubule function in Caenorhabditis elegans neurons. Elife. 2014 Feb 25;3:e01498. doi: 10.7554/eLife.01498. PubMed PMID: 24569477; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3932522.

Richardson CE, Kooistra T, Kim DH. An essential role for XBP-1 in host protection against immune activation in C. elegans. Nature. 2010 Feb 25;463(7284):1092-5. doi: 10.1038/nature08762. PubMed PMID: 20182512; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2834299.